Spruce, Norway Picea abies
Fastest growing of the spruces. Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Ideal windbreaker. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. (zones 3-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 7The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Norway Spruce grows to be 40' - 60' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Norway Spruce has a spread of about 25' - 30' at full maturity.
SunThis spruce does well in full sun.
SoilThe Norway Spruce grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
ShapeThis spruce has pyramidal shape.
Fastest growing of the spruces. Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. Ideal windbreaker. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. (zones 3-7)
Norway Spruce support a wide variety of wildlife. They are important as winter cover for deer, small game including grouse, hare, and woodcock. Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types, Norway spruce makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls.
Cone is 4"-6" long, 1 1/2"-2" wide, elongated oval, dry, brown.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.