Trees

Viburnum Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum

A multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with creamy white late spring or early summer flowers. Leaves are lustrous, dark green in summer changing to yellow to glossy red and reddish- purple in the fall. Flowers are followed by ½" blue-black berries that ripen in early fall. This shrub provides food, cover, and nesting sites for birds, and larval food for butterflies and moths. Grows 6'-15 high with a comparable spread. Prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade.

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Zones 3 - 8
Zones 3 - 8

Hardiness Zones: Zones 3 - 8
The Viburnum Arrowwood can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Flowering Tree
Flowering Tree

Type of tree:
The Viburnum Arrowwood falls into the following type(s): Flowering Trees, Shrubs

6' - 15' High
6' - 15' High

Mature Height:
The Viburnum Arrowwood grows to be 6' - 15' feet in height.

6' - 15' Spread
6' - 15' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Viburnum Arrowwood has a spread of about 6' - 15' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This Viburnum Arrowwood does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Viburnum Arrowwood grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.

Irregular Shape
Irregular Shape

Shape:
This Viburnum Arrowwood has irregular, rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Description:
A multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with creamy white late spring or early summer flowers. Leaves are lustrous, dark green in summer changing to yellow to glossy red and reddish- purple in the fall. Flowers are followed by ½" blue-black berries that ripen in early fall. This shrub provides food, cover, and nesting sites for birds, and larval food for butterflies and moths. Grows 6'-15 high with a comparable spread. Prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade.

Wildlife Value:
It forms dense thickets and provides excellent cover and nesting sites. Birds consume the abundant fruits. It attracts Red Admiral, Eastern Comma, Question Mark butterflies and is larval plant food for the spring azure butterfly and hummingbird moth.

History/Lore/Use:
The arrowwood viburnum is native from New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Georgia.The name arrowwood comes from Native Americans using the strong shoots which developed from the roots for the shafts of their arrows.

Leaves:
The leaves are opposite, simple, suborbicular to ovate, 2-4 1/2" long, 1-4" wide, with a coarsely toothed margin as the botanical name implies, lustrous dark green in summer, sometimes without the sheen, yellow to glossy red to reddish-purple in the fall. Fall color will vary depending upon exposure, growing conditions and genetics within the species.

Flower Color:
White with yellow stamens create a creamy colored small flower in 2-4", flat topped clusters (cymes)

Bloom Time:
May to early June .

Fruit Description:
blue to bluish black, 1/4" long, oval berries (drupes) ripening in late September through October