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Pear, 'Bartlett' Pyrus communis

'Bartlett' Pear - Pyrus communis
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A European pear with large yellow fruit and smooth, juicy white flesh. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Pollinate with a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer.) (zones 5-7)

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Zones 5 - 7 Zones 5 - 7
Hardiness Zones 5 - 7
The 'Bartlett' Pear can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Fruit Tree Fruit Tree
Type of tree
Fruit Trees
12' - 20' High 12' - 20' High
Mature Height
The 'Bartlett' Pear grows to be 12' - 20' feet in height.
12' - 20' Spread 12' - 20' Spread
Mature Spread
The 'Bartlett' Pear has a spread of about 12' - 20' at full maturity.
Fast Growth Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This pear does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil

The Bartlett pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, moist, but well drained soil. Other soil types are tolerated, but may produce a lighter crop. Pear trees are especially sensitive to salt.

Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This pear has oval, rounded shape.
Attributes

America's favorite pear. A vigorous, long lived tree bearing large, flavorful, yellow fruit. Good for eating fresh, canning or preserves. Blooms early to mid-season. Our standard Bartlett seedlings are budded onto whole root stock, while our dwarf seedlings are grafted to Quince or Quince A (Malling A).

In order to ensure pollination, these trees need a compatible cultivar ( Orient or a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer) growing within 100 feet for standard size, 50 feet for semi-dwarf, and 20 feet for dwarf trees.

Chill hours (CU) requirement: 800. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.

Description

A European pear with large yellow fruit and smooth, juicy white flesh. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Pollinate with a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer.) (zones 5-7)

Wildlife Value

The fruit of pear trees are attractive to birds, squirrels.

Height Variations

The standard grows to 20', and dwarf grows to 12' - 15' in height.

Spread Variations

Standard spread grows to 20', semi-dwarf grows to 12'-15', and dwarf grows to a 10' spread.

Moisture

The Bartlett pear prefers moist, well drained soil. It does best when provided with adequate water, but will tolerate both drought and floods.

Leaves

This pear's simple, glossy green leaves alternate on the twig. They grow up to 3" long, are thick with slight midrib curves folding the edges inwards. They have fine teeth on the margin.

Flower Color

White

Bloom Time

Early to mid-season

Fruit Description

Large, golden yellow skin, blushed with brownish red. Classic shape with smooth, juicy, white flesh. Flavor described as sweet with a pleasant touch of tartness. Ripen off the tree for a few weeks to develop the famous musky flavor. Fruit keeps for three months if stored properly. Harvest from mid-August to mid-September.