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Catawba Grape VineVitis labrusca

  • Catawba Grape Vine - Vitis labrusca 'Catawba'

Hardy and vigorous, the Catawba grape is the leading grape for American wine and juice. It also makes an excellent choice for fresh eating, jellies and jams. The vine will produce bunches of coppery-red seedless grapes from late September to October.

Learn more about planting and caring for your grape vines.

Learn more about home fruit production grape culture  and creating a grape trellis from the Missouri Extension Agent.

Hardiness Zones

The catawba grape vine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–8. View Map

Tree Type

Vine

Mature Size

The Catawba grape grows to a height of 5–7' and a spread of around 8–10' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Catawba grape prefers a deep, acidic (pH 5.0-6.5), well-drained, sandy soil but can tolerate a wide range of soil types (except alkaline and wet).

Attributes

This vine:
  • Produces bunches of medium-sized, seedless, coppery-red hybrid grapes with a full, sweet flavor.
  • Yields ripe fruit typically in late September–October.
  • Is self-fertile, but planting more than one vine is recommended for the best crop.
  • Has a chill hours (CU) requirement of 100–150. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32° and 45° F in a typical winter season.)
  • Grows in a prostrate shape.
  • Requires a strong trellis, fence or arbor for support.
  • Should be planted 6–8' apart.

Wildlife Value

The Catawba grape prefers a deep, acidic (pH 5.0-6.5), well-drained, sandy soil but can tolerate a wide range of soil types (except alkaline and wet).