Trees

Planetree, London Platanus x acerifolia

Red-brown scales flake to show cream-colored inner bark. Large distinctive leaves with lighter undersides. Fast growing, resistant to anthracnose. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to light shade. Grows to 75' to 100', 80' spread. (zones 5-9)

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Zones 5 - 9
Zones 5 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 5 - 9
The London Planetree can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Shade Tree
Shade Tree

Type of tree:
The London Planetree falls into the following type(s): Shade Trees

75' - 100' High
75' - 100' High

Mature Height:
The London Planetree grows to be 75' - 100' feet in height.

80' Spread
80' Spread

Mature Spread:
The London Planetree has a spread of about 80' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This planetree does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The London Planetree grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

Pyramidal Shape
Pyramidal Shape

Shape:
This planetree has pyramidal, rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The London Planetree is a widely planted street tree, and for good reason. Its attributes were discovered in London where the new hybrid first appeared around 1645. It was found to thrive in the sooty air and provide wonderful shade. Its ability to withstand air pollution, drought and other adversities assures its popularity as an urban tree. Its strong limbs also help make it a good choice where site conditions allow for its large size.

Description:
Red-brown scales flake to show cream-colored inner bark. Large distinctive leaves with lighter undersides. Fast growing, resistant to anthracnose. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to light shade. Grows to 75' to 100', 80' spread. (zones 5-9)

Wildlife Value:
The pendant seed balls are used by purple finches, goldfinches and squirrels.

History/Lore/Use:
The scientific name for this tree comes from the Greek platys, which means "ample" or "broad," and can be applied to either its individual leaves or its spreading crown. Acerifolia clearly refers to the leaves which are maple-like in appearance. The London Planetree is believed to have resulted in a cross between the Oriental Planetree from Asia - southeastern Europe and our American Sycamore.

Moisture:
Moist well-drained soil is best for this tree.

Leaves:
The leaves resemble some Maples, but are alternate on the stem whereas Maples are opposite. They are large, about 6 to 7 inches long and up to 10 inches wide. Sparingly toothed along the edges.

Flower Color:
Deep red.

Bloom Time:
Flowers bloom in April..

Fruit Description:
Round balls about 1 inch in diameter and made up of tightly compacted seeds. Usually 2 per stalk, but sometimes 3 or single. Multiple seed balls distinguish the London Planetree from the American Sycamore, which is characterized by only one seed ball.