Pine, Austrian Pinus nigra
Very hardy, withstanding city or seaside conditions, heat and drought, and clay and alkaline soils. Good for windbreaks. Grows to 60', with 20'-40' spread. (zones 4-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 4 - 7The Austrian Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Austrian Pine grows to be 60' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Austrian Pine has a spread of about 20' - 40' at full maturity.
SunThis pine does well in full sun.
SoilThe Austrian Pine grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis pine has oval, pyramidal shape.
The Austrian Pine is extremely tolerant of adverse soil conditions and air pollution. This stately tree can be seen in parks, along streets, in residential landscapes, and as farm windbreaks throughout much of the United States. Landscapers use the dark beauty of these trees for backdrops, but it is also an excellent specimen tree because of its leaf pattern.
Very hardy, withstanding city or seaside conditions, heat and drought, and clay and alkaline soils. Good for windbreaks. Grows to 60', with 20'-40' spread. (zones 4-7)
Birds and squirrels enjoy Austrian pine seeds as they do other pine seeds. The large evergreens also provide shelter and nesting sites, particularly for birds such as owls.
The Austrian Pine is a native of Austria, northern Italy and Yugoslavia. It was introduced to the United States in 1759. Its forebears were likely worshipped by the Romans over 2000 years ago. Over 217 million were planted during the nation's great dust bowl shelterbelt project. It has thrived for over 200 years in some of the worst soil and climate conditions America has to offer.
Normal moisture requirements with some drought tolerance.
This tree has spiral; simple; two needles 3 to 6 inches long; dark green.
The fruit is oval; 1 to 3 inches long; dry; brown.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.