Trees

Hazelnut, Arbor Day Corylus sp.

Hybrid hazelnuts from Arbor Day Farm combine the characteristics of two North American native species, American and Beaked, and the European hazel. Originally crossbred in Minnesota, these shrubs will likely produce sweet, tasty nuts in approximately 4-5 years. A yield of up to 7 pounds of nuts per bush may be expected from well established plants. Plant in a sunny area with enough space for 2-3 bushes to help assure cross pollination by the wind. They form a dense, multi-stemmed shrub up to 15' tall and 10' wide with deep, fibrous roots that grow well in most soils, but prefer acidic to neutral, moist, and well drained. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan, or marshy soils. In addition to producing nuts for your personal enjoyment or market, hazelnut shrubs have a high wildlife value providing food and nesting and hiding cover for many birds and mammals.

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Zones 3 - 9
Zones 3 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 3 - 9
The Arbor Day Hazelnut can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Nut Tree
Nut Tree

Type of tree:
The Arbor Day Hazelnut falls into the following type(s): Nut Trees, Shrubs

10' - 15' High
10' - 15' High

Mature Height:
The Arbor Day Hazelnut grows to be 10' - 15' feet in height.

10' Spread
10' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Arbor Day Hazelnut has a spread of about 10' at full maturity.

Medium to Fast Growth
Medium to Fast Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This hazelnut does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Arbor Day Hazelnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.

rounded Shape
rounded Shape

Shape:
This hazelnut has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Description:
Hybrid hazelnuts from Arbor Day Farm combine the characteristics of two North American native species, American and Beaked, and the European hazel. Originally crossbred in Minnesota these shrubs will produce sweet, tasty nuts in approximately 4-5 years. A yield of up to 7 pounds of nuts per bush may be expected from well established plants. Plant in a sunny area with enough space for mutilple bushes to help assure cross pollination by the wind. They form a dense, multi-stemmed shrub up to 15' tall and 10' wide with deep, fibrous roots that grow well in most soils, but prefer acidic to neutral, moist, and well drained. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan, or marshy soils. In addition to producing nuts for your personal enjoyment or market, hazelnut shrubs have a high wildlife value providing food and nesting and hiding cover for many birds and mammals.

Wildlife Value:
The nuts are a favorite food with squirrels, deer, wild turkeys, pheasants, grouse, blue jays, and others. The shrubs provide nesting and cover for many birds and mammals. Bats use hazel bushes for day roosting.

Leaves:
Alternate, 2 1/2" -6" long, somewhat spear-shaped at tip and rounded or heart-shaped at base, doubly-toothed margins. Color is dark green on top, lighter green beneath with some soft hairs.

Flower Color:
Female flowers are small, red. Male catkins are greenish turning mostly tan.

Bloom Time:
Catkins start growing in late summer to appx. 1". Growth resumes in spring to 1 1/2"-2 2 1/2"..

Fruit Description:
Clusters of 1-4, generally 2-3. light brown to chestnut brown when ripe, 1/4"-3/4" in diameter. They are enclosed in hairy, leaf-like husks with ragged edges called involucres. The green involucres dry and become brown and crispy at harvest time.