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Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum

Silver Maple - Acer saccharinum
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Very fast-growing. Leaves are green on top and silvery-white on the underside, shimmering and dancing in the breeze. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Plant 10' or more from sidewalk or drive. Grows to 50' to 80' with spread 2/3 of height to wider than the tree is tall. (zones 3-9)

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Zones 3 - 9 Zones 3 - 9
Hardiness Zones 3 - 9
The Silver Maple can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Shade Tree Shade Tree
Type of tree
Shade Trees
50' - 80' High 50' - 80' High
Mature Height
The Silver Maple grows to be 50' - 80' feet in height.
35' - 50' Spread 35' - 50' Spread
Mature Spread
The Silver Maple has a spread of about 35' - 50' at full maturity.
Fast Growth Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This maple does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil

Tolerant of wide range of soil types, but prefers deep, moist, acid sites

Vase Shape Vase Shape
Shape
This maple has vase shape.
Attributes

The Silver Maple takes it's name from the silvery-white undersides of the leaves that tend to shimmer and dance in the slightest breeze. Other attributes that make it a popular tree are it's tolerance to urban conditions such as poor and compacted soil, hot, dry conditions, and air pollution. It is also popular due to it's rapid growth.

Description

Very fast-growing. Leaves are green on top and silvery-white on the underside, shimmering and dancing in the breeze. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Because of a vigorous root system, plant 10' or more from sidewalks, drives, foundations, and sewer lines. Grows to 50' to 80'with spread 2/3 of height to wider than the tree is tall. (zones 3-9)

Wildlife Value

The buds of the Silver Maple are eaten by squirrels in early spring. It also provides nesting sites for ducks and other birds. Beavers find the trees delicious.

History/Lore/Use

Early settlers in the Ohio Valley found the sap from the Silver Maple to be superior to other Maple trees for sugar quality but production was too slow for commercial purposes. The tree has always been a delight to forest-watchers as the slightest breeze will turn the tree into a shimmering silver-green color display and the bark has a silver look to it in the winter that contrasts nicely with snow.

Moisture

Wide range of moisture conditions. Can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance.

Leaves

Leaves are opposite on twigs, 3 to 6 inches in both length and width, with 5 lobes separated by notably deep, narrow sinuses. Green on top and silver-green on the bottom.

Flower Color

The bloom is yellow-red.

Bloom Time

Early to mid-March.

Fruit Description

The fruit is elongated, 1-2 inches long, green to brown in color.