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Pine, Eastern White Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine - Pinus strobus
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A hardy, valuable tree. Clustered soft blue-green needles. Ideal screen or windbreak. Likes moist, well-drained soils. Grows 50'- 80' with a 20-40' spread in the landscape. (zones 3-8)

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Zones 3 - 8 Zones 3 - 8
Hardiness Zones 3 - 8
The Eastern White Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
50' - 80' High 50' - 80' High
Mature Height
The Eastern White Pine grows to be 50' - 80' feet in height.
20' - 40' Spread 20' - 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The Eastern White Pine has a spread of about 20' - 40' at full maturity.
Fast Growth Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil

Well-drained, moist, acidic, dry, wet soils

Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This pine has oval, pyramidal shape.
Attributes

The ease of transplanting and rapid growth of the eastern white pine tree make it an ideal candidate for landscape and windscreen applications. Wildlife that eat the seeds range form chickadees and game birds to rabbits and black bears. White pines are widely used as Christmas trees and are still very important as a lumber source.

Description

A hardy, valuable tree. Clustered soft blue-green needles. Ideal screen or windbreak. Likes moist, well-drained soils. Grows 50' to 80' with a 20-40' spread inthe landscape, up to 135' or more in the wild. (zones 3-8)

Wildlife Value

Eastern white pine seeds are favored by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels, and many birds, especially red crossbills. While potentially damaging to the trees, the bark is eaten by mammals such as beavers, snowshoe hares, porcupines, rabbits and mice. White pines provide nesting sites as well for many birds, including woodpeckers, common grackles, mourning doves, chickadees and nuthatches.

History/Lore/Use

The eastern white pine tree has been referred to as "the monarch of the forest." Some that greeted the first settlers reached a height of 250 feet with diameters of 6 feet. They were a bonanza for England in colonial times, as they met a vital military and commercial need for sailing ship masts. Since the colonists were rapidly using up the existing supply of trees close to the ocean that were large enough for masts, the Royal Navy appealed to Parliament. As a result, in 1691 Great Britain imposed the first of the so-called "broad arrow" acts, so named because of the axe mark placed on the reserved trees by the king's men, that reserved these trees for the English government. Growing resentment to the crown's appropriation of the choicest White Pines helped precipitate the Revolutionary War, and the first flag of the revolutionary forces even had a white pine as its emblem.

Moisture

Does best in moist soil conditions, but can tolerate dry, rocky ridges to bogs.

Leaves

The leaves are spiral shaped, flexible, five needles, 2 to 5 inches long.

Flower Color

Pink; yellow; nondescript.

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

The fruit is an elongated cone, 6 to 8 inches long, dry, brown.