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Olive, European Olea europaea

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Zones 9 - 11 Zones 9 - 11
Hardiness Zones 9 - 11
The European Olive can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens, Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
30' - 40' High 30' - 40' High
Mature Height
The European Olive grows to be 30' - 40' feet in height.
30' - 40' Spread 30' - 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The European Olive has a spread of about 30' - 40' at full maturity.
Slow Growth Slow Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
This olive does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
The European Olive grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained soils.
Rounded Shape Rounded Shape
This olive has rounded, spreading or horizontal shape.

Once established, this tree can be a fantastic conversation piece or source of olives. Unprocessed olives are inedible, but ripe olives can be pressed for oil.


Long-lived trees, olives are planted extensively in Arizona and California as ornamentals. When young, they often require staking and regular yearly pruning. The plant is used in western landscapes.

Wildlife Value

Insects attracted by the European Olive also become food for birds and reptiles. Wildlife seeks the shelter and protection from predators and the elements that the Olive provides, birds also use it for nesting.


The olive branch is the symbol for peace. This tree dates back nearly 3700 years and its oil is the mainstay of the healthy Mediterranean diet. areas such as Spain, Italy, and Greece


The European Olive tolerates heat, wind and dry conditions very well.


The leaves are green in the summer with little change in the fall.

Flower Color

The blooms on this tree are white.

Bloom Time

This tree blooms in the spring.

Fruit Description

The fruit of this tree is green to black and 1/2" in diameter.